Irrigation is a process of water supply to fields lacking moisture. It increases water content in the root layer of soil in order to increase soil fertility. Though it is necessary to bear in mind the fact that some plants prefer dry soil and some need moisture. Before applying an irrigation farming system in Nigeria, you have to study the peculiarities of plants you are going to produce.
Irrigation, as well as drainage, is the main form of land melioration. Irrigation improves the supply of plant roots with moisture and nutrients, reduces the temperature of the surface and increases its humidity. Water in the fields can be distributed in different ways. Let’s consider the best irrigation systems used in Nigerian agriculture.