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Droughts Grow Women's Domestic 'Second Shift'

Longer hours of unpaid work to gather scarce water, firewood and food are putting women – and their paid jobs – at risk.

Rhoda Mhlanga looked tired.

Even so, Mhlanga, who lives in a remote village in eastern Zimbabwe, managed to smile as she served food to her customers - mostly long-distance truckers traversing the Mutare-Chiredzi highway.

She serves food 12 hours a day at her small eatery in the Tanganda business centre - but it wasn't the day job that was overwhelming her.

It was the double shift so many women around the world face - their paid work as shift one, and the second shift of hours of unpaid, domestic work they are often expected to do in addition.

Ollivier Girard/CIFOR

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