In Our Climate-Changed Future, How Will Solar Perform?
The solar panels manufactured today will need to power a climate-changed world over the next 25 to 50 years. They will need to be engineered to continue to operate in a climate that will gradually become more extreme.
Many regions will hold more moisture in the air, while others will become drier and warmer, climate scientists predict. So solar panels will need to be engineered to withstand rising temperature and increased humidity over the typical module lifetime.
Regions with the fastest growing electricity demand, like the rapidly growing megacities of Southeast Asia and Indonesia are hot and humid now — and will only get hotter and more humid as climate changes. And regions with the best solar insolation like the Middle East, North Africa, Australia, and the US Southwest are predicted to become even more extremely hot and dry in a climate-changed future.