Climate change has become a topic of great interest in the current setting; this is due to the diabolical effects associated with it that have affected life; food insecurity, increased natural disasters including floods, prolonged drought, increased disease outbreak, resource conflicts, water shortage and threatened source of livelihood. The reality of climate change is no longer in question; since a global consensus has been reached marking the culmination of the Sustainable Development Goals and the consistent agreements within the Conference of Parties (COP) mainly on adaptation, mitigation and financing for the climate change agenda.
According to research, the non- annex 1 countries with an example of Kenya are among the worst affected by climate change. High levels of poverty and underdevelopment combined with insufficient infrastructure exacerbate the already severe impact of global warming on resources, development and human security. In order to adapt to and mitigate the effects of climate change, the developing economies like Kenya are expected to implement more robust environmental policies, increase local human capacity and encourage renewable energy entrepreneurship. Within international fora, they must better coordinate their position as some of the smallest contributors to global warming and locally seek to mainstream climate change through innovation and technology.